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Wassmuth, William

August 27, 2002, Ellensburg, WA
Activist who helped to bring down hate group Aryan Nations

By Elaine Woo, Los Angeles Times, 8/31/2002

Bill Wassmuth, a former priest who created one of the country's leading anti-hate organizations after members of the Aryan Nations firebombed his Idaho home, died Tuesday in Ellensburg, Wash. He was 61 and had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Mr. Wassmuth was a Roman Catholic priest active in human rights campaigns when his rectory-home and three other sites in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, were bombed by members of the white supremacy group Aryan Nations in 1986. No one was injured. Four Aryan Nations members were convicted for the crimes.

Undaunted by the attack, Mr. Wassmuth helped found the Northwest Coalition Against Malicious Harassment, a six-state network of groups devoted to combating prejudice.

He played a central role in turning public opinion against the Aryan Nations and was a key force behind the 2000 civil lawsuit that bankrupted the group and closed its compound in the north Idaho wilderness.

'In my book, he's a true hero,' said Morris Dees, the legendary civil rights lawyer who tried the case.

Mr. Wassmuth was raised on a farm in tiny Greencreek, Idaho, one of nine children in a devout Roman Catholic family. In Greencreek, he once joked in an interview with the Seattle Times, 'the only people of color I ever saw ... were during the summer when the wheat farmers got tanned from riding their tractors.'

He learned about tolerance and the difference one person can make from his father, who managed a community skating rink. Some black children assigned to work at a nearby Job Corps facility had tried to skate at the rink but the townspeople protested. The elder Wassmuth stood up to friends and neighbors and refused to discrimate.

Mr. Wassmuth entered the seminary in eighth grade and was ordained in 1967, during the post-Vatican II era of reform in the Catholic Church. After a period serving in church posts around Idaho and working in religious education, he wound up in 1979 as parish priest at St. Pius X Church in Coeur d'Alene.

It was plain to his parishioners that he was no ordinary priest.

He was a white guy who wore an Afro and a beard and favored cowboy boots and a leather jacket over black robes and a clerical collar. He rode a motorcyle and water-skied with the town's youths.

Although not especially tall or physically commanding, he was a charismatic speaker with a clear, resonant voice. His sermons attracted new worshippers, doubling the size of the parish to 800. Soon a new, larger church was built, with mauve-colored walls and pews built in a semi-circle around the altar.

While Mr. Wassmuth was building his parish, Richard Butler, founder of the Aryan Nations, was strengthening his operation. Based on a 20-acre compound near Hayden Lake he established in the 1970s, the former Southern California aerospace worker was recruiting ex-felons to help him foment his war of hatred. He attracted supporters who agreed with his outrageous views: that Jews were descended from Satan, that blacks were soulless descendants of 'mud people,' and that white women who married outside their race should die.

By the mid-'80s, Butler's adherents were being arrested for an array of criminal activity - including bank robberies and counterfeiting - committed to support Butler's racist agenda.

In 1984 Mr. Wassmuth became head of the Kootenai County Task Force on Human Relations. Under his leadership, the low-profile task force became a visible force opposing the white supremacists.

Butler began railing against the task force -- and Wassmuth in particular - after the group rallied against an annual cross-burning at Butler's compound in July 1986.

Two months later, on Sept. 16, 1986, Mr. Wassmuth was talking on the telephone when an explosion rocked the ranch-style house that served as the St. Pius rectory and his home.

'I had never in my life had anyone be angry enough to raise a fist at me, much less attempt to kill me,' he told the Seattle Times earlier this year. 'I said to God: `Now what?''

Probably no one would have faulted him for backing away from his crusade.

'Many felt it was a time to hide,' said Marilyn Shuler, former director of the Idaho Human Rights Commission, who had met Wassmuth a few years earlier. 'He just said, `No, no, no, we are going to continue to speak.' And he did that, even though he was targeted.'

Striking out against Mr. Wassmuth 'was the worst mistake (the Aryan Nations) ever made,' said Tony Stewart, a political science professor at North Idaho College in Coeur d'Alene and Wassmuth's longtime friend. 'Not only did it galvanize this community but it made Bill prominent around the country. He became a priest for ... people all over the Northwest, promoting social justice.'

Mr. Wassmuth remained head of the Kootenai County task force until 1988, when he made some dramatic personal changes.

He left the priesthood and married a local artist, Mary Francis Dondelinger. She survives him, along with seven siblings.

He also began discussions with other activists about the need for a broader alliance to oppose organized bigotry.

He moved to Seattle and became the first director of the Northwest Coalition Against Malicious Harassment. The group later merged with another group, becoming the Northwest Coalition for Human Dignity, covering Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Colorado and Wyoming.

In 1998, a American Indian woman named Victorian Keenan was terrorized and her son, Jason, was beaten by Aryan Nations security guards outside Butler's compound. They agreed to lend their names to a lawsuit intended to put Butler and his group out of business.

The Keenans' lawsuit contended that Butler and the Aryan Nations showed negligence in hiring and training security guards. In late 2000, a jury awarded the Keenans $6.3 million, which was believed to be the largest punitive damage award in Idaho history. Butler's compound was dismantled and is being converted to a peace park.

This story ran on page B7 of the Boston Globe on 8/31/2002. © Copyright 2002 Globe Newspaper Company.